Design consultancy works: Apartment buildings, Hospitals, Schools ....
Design consultancy apartment-building
In the big cities of our country in recent years has built hundreds of buildings used for residential, commercial, office, or combined into a multi-functional complex.
The design of the house, at first due to recent foreign-made and part of which is due to the Design Consultant Company our country take, including Licogi 16.8.
As Vietnam has not issued standard synchronous design on this design so the host can hardly cover all the requirements of the high-rise design.
To support design consultation, we will introduce a number of high-rise design standards of foreign countries in order to contribute to work on a better design.
The contents of the above criteria include the following:
General principles for the design, construction and operation;
Solution space, architectural shapes and functions of parts;
Impact load and computing requirements;
Foundations and underground;
Solution structure of the texture on the nail;
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning;
Power supply, power and lighting;
Automation, information and signals;
Environmental protection and hygiene requirements;
Fire prevention measures;
Rubbish collection and vacuuming;
Ensure the overall safety;
General principles in the design of tall buildings
Design of tall buildings including the average, solution architecture, solution space and shapes to suit the general urban planning requirements, functional requirements and the requirements of typical  or can see the building is designed to be a . Building design task must be approved by management agencies such as planning, architecture, fire ...
Buildings, the level of importance attached to the highest level (in accordance with GOST 27751) and four-time classification for calculating (according to ISO 2394) by a factor of importance and reliability of safety public and private.
The reliability coefficient of importance [1,3] must be determined according to the particular conditions but not less than:
1.1 as high as 100 m;
1.15 when the height from 100 to 150m;
1.2 when the height from 150 to 200m.
When covering structures and the link buttons reliability coefficient of 1.0.
In the design of tall buildings must be accompanied by a number of general scientific and technical measures, including geotechnical monitoring, monitoring the status of the load-bearing structure and the front of the system, experiments necessary structures and materials. Materials, structures and structural details must be certified in accordance with design requirements.
Due to the complexity of the aerodynamics of high-rise buildings should study the aerodynamic characteristics, to clarify the effects of high-rise buildings to work around and land access as well as stress state, deformation bearing structure and cover, and soil nails. The study should be conducted in two phases:
Phase 1: Modeling the aerodynamic problem using a number of methods to
oriented data for the aforementioned problem;
Phase 2: Experiment or their complexes in the pneumatic tube
to obtain experimental data on the distribution of mass and wind direction, speed and pressure (the number of aerodynamic coefficients) and the fluctuations of the model.
Aerodynamic laboratory work must be carried out in the laboratory with license / certificate.
Houses and structures under the action of the wind should be done in the construction phase and time utilization.
In the construction phase should be conducted regardless of the sequence construction technology, starting fixed temporarily and openings in the outside walls, walls and partitions.
In the period used to calculate covering outside the structure include structure and facade solutions if necessary, make the calculation of the discrete structure of the surface cover.
No high-rise built on the land of radon (Rn) and check work in the earthquake zone and active geological faults.
Structural outer cover high-rise buildings as well as cover the inside walls between the apartments have high resistance to cross-wind (including material sealed floor and a crack in the door) to prevent the decline of pressure not air between the top and bottom of the house, because if not it will change the temperature inside the house, especially the bottom floor and the elevator will not work well.
When combined buildings with the civil defense measures, the standard must comply with the requirements of the corresponding defense and the defense of the agreement and they must be reflected in the surface as well as structural organization Other bearing housing.
To ensure the safety of people in buildings in which special attention:
+ Parking place fire prevention technology equipment (radio-operated system);
+ Space observation of the bearing structure of the house (can be combined with the operator) and the location of the measurement points of the station
Legal entities (companies, organizations and professionals) need to implement organizational and technical measures in the overall security system, including: Instructions scientific and technical monitoring and buildings in the design phase, construction and mining, combined with the international system of quality (according to GOST ISO 900-2001) to the certificate / permission on this issue as well as the use of insurance risks of construction and mining.
Profile building design should have the following documents: passport of the techniques and rules used, which includes all the basic features of the and corresponding systems engineering. Rules used by the design consultant and editor for each home.
In the design documents should specify deviation limit / allow construction. To ensure the normal working of the system equipment technical equipment purchase orders must clearly state the facts about the largest deviation in the calculation of the structure comes under that device .......
Hospital design consultancy
Hospital is a kind of public buildings with high specific technology to meet the stringent requirements and special. Architecture art hospitals spatial organization also interested in medical technology and medical equipment. For the public service tasks, increasing health care needs of the people, a team of architects, consulting engineers who design technology need to understand the problem and medical examinations always update the new medical equipment and modern.
Hospital works not only influenced by environmental factors that climate topography and geological factors also impact small land planning solutions, architecture, texture, shape and solution space inside.
The complex combination of space climate there are positive solutions using local materials, in accordance with the individual conditions in the region will create construction architecture designed to satisfy the requirements of the health care and work in harmony with the landscape. Each geographical area, different climates need appropriate architectural solutions to create specific architectural language the type of work the local health imbued.
Rushing the development of science and technology, medical imaging technology has created many medical facilities and equipment (diagnosis and treatment) of advanced, modern renovated regularly, continuously every year - it is upset many methods of health care, no small impact on the organizational principles such as medical examinations space architecture. Such as: Equipment and theater interior: has been renewed, more modern equipment for the operating room is a concentration of technology, high medical technology to medical intervention treatment for patients. Work space must be large enough and does not interfere with amenities for active manipulation of the surgeon, the environmental conditions of climate (water, sterile, cold light, great illumination, not air temperatures cool, clean continuous rotation and pressure (+ +) compared to the noise around but must be in the allowed. Besides the equipment, utility provide comprehensive, continuous service transmission, blood, medical gas and consumable materials necessary tools. Alternatively, such as to comply with the principle of the operation is the cleanest area complete design studies from the line of traffic system location and layout to specify the materials and equipment that are complete clean room high international standard, Claas 100000-10000 level and 1000. Either radiation therapy devices: the application of science in the field of nuclear radiation has changed the medical industry, many positive techniques used effectively in Vietnam such as gamma knife, accelerators, radiation dose close to high, pressed low dose ...... To use the specific equipment required facilities must meet all the conditions of compatible technical infrastructure to ensure the safety of the patient, the doctor and communities.
Design, build hospitals, health care facilities (health care) to adapt to the reform era not only increased in size, level of service, but also diverse forms of development and rapid increase in the number of works. Advancement of biomedical science and technology has created a revolution in medical devices, diagnostic tests are progressive, modern and constant innovation, technological change more classic treatment , no small influence on the design and construction of health care facilities. Especially technical system infrastructure must be built complete synchronous to promote the strength to bring the superiority of medical equipment (medical equipment).
Hospital health care establishments aggregate functions with multiple overlapping tasks, the working environment of staff, medical staff and is resort living environment of the patient, on the other hand is a training environment practice of research students and scientists. Each activity has its own requirements, so the design and construction of health care facilities need to meet the basic requirements are:
- Traffic in the works to open, to avoid overlapping, road corridors, stairs size must be large enough for the circulation of vehicles stretcher and emergency equipment, people with disabilities.
- Environmental health - by aseptic should ensure capable of isolation, infection control and actively manage the micro climate regime when necessary, ionizing radiation safety and biosafety.
- Hospital Design - the basis for health care is not only true about the lines, enough utility for medical equipment, but also have beautiful architecture, harmonious space, friendly, facilitating rest and recuperate from illness but fully, transient achieve with the service, right in the sense that the environment "Hospital".
Finally wanted Hospital architecture design - good health care facilities must be designed to correct line technology and appropriate medical equipment.
From vanThiet Design School
Schools came into being to meet the needs of society, the infrastructure, the environment to conduct the teaching process so that schools must meet the requirements for teaching-learning, space requirements appropriate to each age ...
The curriculum is a compulsory program in the Vietnamese education system. This is the first phase formation as well as knowledge of human personality, learn different subjects, contact with friends, teachers, etc. In each country there are different rules for primary school age different. In Vietnam: from 3-6 years of age is kindergarten, 7-11 year-old primary school, 12-15 year-old high school junior, 16-18 as the high school level, over 18 undergraduate and graduate education.
The development of education depends on the conditions of each country, economic conditions, political, social, and culture of each country. Academic content is not constant, it changes under the influence of the scientific and technical development, economic growth, cultural and theoretical teaching and learning methods.
In a school (design school) often have the following functional areas:
+ School gate, fence: a place to welcome and protect students in the learning process.
+ The Garage teacher and student parking areas: standards and near the main gate.
+ Playground: A place where leisure activities, sports and school-wide focus.
+ Garden, trees, small landscape: Put the trees in the distance and the two sides around the school grounds.
+ Volume: The number of classrooms are standard and the number of students in the region.
+ Mass effect: layout of the school, near the main entrance and accessible.
+ Blocks researchers, experiment, practice, library: can be arranged with the brands or private.
+ Block food, beverage: Put the end of the field, close to the physical and the rest of the students (if any).
+ Physical home: Last Layout Direction and separate from the block, near the playground of the school.
+ Park sports grounds, forests, land reserved for development: As part of the land behind the school.
+ The student accommodation building, the public service: For teachers and students
boarding places far away from the school.
Current Vietnamese school system in general, mostly built after peace was restored, with the pure style of teaching do not have the combination of theory and practice, the classroom is connected by the long hallway, front hallway is the playground for all activities of the school
Current social conditions were different, the concept of primary school is not just where students learn but also the cultural environment for children to exercise, contact with friends, personality development program school gradually developed, gifted some subjects and auxiliary activities (physical training, sports, etc.) are included in the curriculum with outdoor activities, practical parts interjected the school to help students quickly grasp the theory, increasing mental pleasure and train students in a comprehensive manner. Therefore a new function for schools to have special blocks for aesthetic training and physical training for students.
Language learning programs are being put into professional teaching at primary school age, children are encouraged to use the computer to access the internet and create a separate database for elementary school today to have found development of spatial organization, structure space, audio-visual equipment, computer projector to suit the new teaching methods.
Boarding school model 2 sessions / day (as required by society, parents go to work all day so send me all day at school) also thrive, so the addition of the gifted subjects, physical training , personality development is included in the lot.
1. Location construction (TCXDVN) in school design.
- Located in the heart of the residential area, the radius served by each school, select a high place, clean, beautiful scenery, quiet for teaching-learning. For the mountainous areas, can serve to 2000m radius
- Not located next to the base of regular noise and toxic substances such as: raising establishments, markets, factories, factory case must be built near the plant there must be a buffer zone with a width of less least 30m
- Convenient communications to meet the daily travel of students and teachers.However, not on the road with high traffic density, road trains for the safety of the students.
- Situated in a convenient location for the use of infrastructure network of residential facilities (roads, water supply, electricity, communication, etc.)
- The area of land devoted to the area compared with the total land area is calculated by the following ratio:
+ Building area works architecture :14-20%, and 25% for the city
+ Land for practical experiments parks: 16-20%
+ Land playground, yard: 40-50%
+ Road area: 15%
+ In school construction land must be protected by a fence at least 1.2 m.
+ In design school building in the city for reducing land area to 10%. In rural areas may increase but not more than 10%.
LICOGI 16.8 WILL GIVE YOU
TOTAL SOLUTION OF DESIGN WORKS AS DESIRED